If you have tuned on the news lately Heroin is back in a big way.
But what is Heroin?
Heroin and commonly known by its street names of H, smack, boy, horse, brown, black, tar, and others is an opioidanalgesic originally synthesized by C.R. Alder Wright in 1874 by adding two acetyl groups to the molecule morphine, which is found naturally in the opium poppy. It is the 3,6-diacetyl ester of morphine. Administered intravenously by injection, heroin is two to four times more potent than morphine and is faster in its onset of action.
Illicit heroin is sometimes available in freebase form, dulling the sheen and consistency to a matte-white powder. Because of its lower boiling point, the freebase form of heroin is also smokable. It is prevalent in heroin coming from Afghanistan, which in 2004 produced roughly 87% of the world supply in illicit raw opium. However, the production rate in Mexico has risen sixfold from 2007 to 2011, changing that percentage and placing Mexico as the second largest opium producer in the world.
As with other opioids, diacetylmorphine is used as both a legal, medically prescribed drug (e.g., as an analgesic, cough suppressant and as an anti-diarrhea drug) and a recreational drug, in which case the user is seekingeuphoria. Frequent and regular administration is associated with tolerance and physical dependence. Internationally, diacetylmorphine is controlled under Schedules I and IV of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs.It is illegal to manufacture, possess, or sell diacetylmorphine without a license. (Via Wikipedia)
Tolerance to heroin develops very quickly. When an addict stops using, he/she experiences a withdrawal that starts very quickly. Withdrawl symptoms can be very painful for the addict. Recovery from heroin addiction is extremely difficult. Most addicts will relapse at some point. Treatment programs also allow the patients to undergo a safe detoxification period.
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